Naked-eye galaxies are galaxies that are visible to the naked-eye. This table provides a list of galaxies that can be observed by the naked-eye in a very dark-sky environment, high in altitude, during clear and stable weather.
|Milky Way||-6.5 (excluding the Sun[nb 1])||0||Sagittarius (centre)||This is the galaxy containing the Sun and its Solar System, and therefore Earth.. Most things visible to the naked-eye in the sky are part of it, including the Milky Way composing the Zone of Avoidance.|
|Large Magellanic Cloud||0.9||160 kly (50 kpc)||Dorado/Mensa||Visible only from the southern hemisphere. It is also the brightest patch of nebulosity in the sky.|
|Small Magellanic Cloud (NGC 292)||2.7||200 kly (60 kpc)||Tucana||Visible only from the southern hemisphere.|
|Andromeda Galaxy (M31, NGC 224)||3.4||2.5 Mly (780 kpc)||Andromeda||Once called the Great Andromeda Nebula, it is situated in the Andromeda constellation.|
|Triangulum Galaxy (M33, NGC 598)||5.7||2.9 Mly (900 kpc)||Triangulum||Being a diffuse object, its visibility is strongly affected by even small amounts of light pollution, ranging from easily visible in direct vision in truly dark skies to a difficult averted vision object in rural/suburban skies.|
|Centaurus A (NGC 5128)||6.84||13.7 ± 0.9 Mly (4.2 ± 0.3 Mpc)||Centaurus||Centaurus A has been spotted with the naked eye by Stephen James O'Meara.|
|Bode's Galaxy (M81, NGC 3031)||6.94||12 Mly (3.6 Mpc)||Ursa Major||Highly experienced amateur astronomers may be able to see Messier 81 under exceptional observing conditions.|
|Messier 83 (NGC 5236)||8.2||14.7 Mly (4.5 Mpc)||Hydra||M83 has reportedly been seen with the naked eye.|
- Sagittarius Dwarf Spheroidal Galaxy is not listed, because it is not discernible as being a separate galaxy in the sky.
- ↑ Using the formula for addition of apparent magnitudes, the added magnitudes of all stars in the Milky Way but our Sun (-6.50) and our Sun (-26.74) differs from the apparent magnitude of just our sun by less than 10^-8
- ↑ 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 Karen Masters (December 2003). "Curious About Astronomy: Can any galaxies be seen with the naked eye?". Ask an Astronomer. http://curious.astro.cornell.edu/question.php?number=590. Retrieved 2008-11-01.
- ↑ "Magellanic Cloud". Astronomy Knowledge Base. University of Ottawa. Archived from the original on 2006-07-05. https://web.archive.org/web/20060705214728/http://www.site.uottawa.ca:4321/astronomy/index.html#MagellanicCloud.
- ↑ "The Large Magellanic Cloud, LMC". SEDS. http://messier.seds.org/xtra/ngc/lmc.html.
- ↑ "The Small Magellanic Cloud, SMC". SEDS. http://messier.seds.org/xtra/ngc/smc.html.
- ↑ "Messier 31". SEDS. http://messier.seds.org/m/m031.html.
- ↑ John E. Bortle (February 2001). "The Bortle Dark-Sky Scale". Sky & Telescope. http://www.skyandtelescope.com/resources/darksky/3304011.html.
- ↑ "The Revised AINTNO 100". http://astronomy-mall.com/Adventures.In.Deep.Space/aintno.htm.
- ↑ Stephen Uitti. "Farthest Naked Eye Object". http://www.uitti.net/stephen/astro/essays/farthest_naked_eye_object.shtml. Retrieved 2008-11-01.
- ↑ "Messier 81". SEDS. http://messier.seds.org/m/m081.html.
- ↑ S. J. O'Meara (1998). The Messier Objects. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-55332-6.
- ↑ Inglis, Mike. "Galaxies". Patrick Moore’s Practical Astronomy Series: 157–189. doi:10.1007/978-1-84628-736-7_4.